Burkina Faso, Drinking water, Gestion, hand and foot pumps, hydro pump, Management, Pompes à motricité humaine, Quality, Réservoirs, Services de l’eau, Water Supply Service, Water supply systems, Water tank line
VERGNET BURKINA : More than 100,000 villagers now recipients of a sustainable drinking water supply service
More than 100,000 villagers recipients of a drinking water supply service
The Burkinabe Sud-Ouest region announced to be delegating to the Burkinabe company VERGNET BURKINA (11 employees, Ouagadougou, subsidiary of VERGNET HYDRO [Orléans, France]) the management of 9 drinking water supply centers, located in rural areas of the Loba and Bougouriba provinces, in the municipalities of Zambo, Guéguéré, Koper, Oronkua (Centre and Orpoune), Dissihn (Nakar), Bondigui, Iolonioro (Diassara) and Navielgané. “This new activity, launched in 2009, allows us to reach the symbolic threshold of providing 100,000 people with drinking water through the delegated management services offered by our subsidiary. The enthusiasm shown by Burkinabe local authorities lets us believe there is still enormous potential for scaling up this management activity”, states Christophe LEGER, VERGNET HYDRO Deputy Managing Director.
VERGNET BURKINA is now in charge of 29 small piped networks in Burkina Faso, located in the Sud-Ouest, Hauts-Bassins, Centre-Nord and Centre-Ouest regions. For this purpose, the Burkinabe SME has entered into Public Service Delegation (PSD) contracts with 25 municipalities. “Each one of these affermage contracts commits VERGNET BURKINA to providing a sustainable drinking water supply service to the local people over a period of 10 years, and to finance the upkeep of pumping equipment with the turnover generated from water sales by volumes (jerrycans, barrels and buckets), at a tariff commonly set with the communal authorities and validated by the municipal councils”, specifies Jean-Christophe KI, Managing Director for VERGNET BURKINA.
A network of 201 involved and skilled collaborators
Before the start of the water supply services, the municipalities hand over to the operator their small piped networks brought up to standards: inspection of water pipes and standpipes and control of the pumping equipment, water tanks and water quality. The groundwater water is pumped through fuel-powered generators (44,5% of the centers), solar units (18,5%), hybrid solar systems (18,5%) and the national electrical grid SONABEL (18,5%). “Before we start operating the water service for the villagers, it is important to prepare the equipment and to put in place the procedures to be able to monitor precisely and objectively the water quantities consumed at each standpipe. We have therefore equipped all the water points (collective standpipes, private connections) with water meters”, adds Abdoulaye SORY, Hydraulic Engineer for VERGNET BURKINA.
Water supply is about service delivery. Hence, it is heavy on human resources. VERGNET BURKINA already relies on a network of 201 collaborators (21 network managers, 9 cashiers and 171 standpipe caretakers), whom manage together the 29 rural water networks. “High quality services require involved and skilled employees. That’s why their remuneration is tied to the water volumes consumed at the standpipes on which they work. In addition, we organize regular training sessions”, explains Samuel SAWADOGO, Chief Operations Officer for VERGNET BURKINA.
A R&D project that led to the creation of the startup UDUMA
The water supply management model can also be applied on manual pumps, which represents a real innovation in the sector of rural water supply. Since 2016, as part of the UNICEF Burkina Faso Research Action Project “E-PUMP”, VERGNET BURKINA has been operating the drinking water service for 112 manual pumps: 50 in Dassa and 57 in Kyon (Centre-Ouest administrative district) and 5 in Niankorodougou (Cascades administrative district). “The results of this pilot project contributed to the creation of the company UDUMA MALI, which will soon be operating 1,400 manual pumps in Malian rural areas (Sikasso administrative district), serving 560,000 villagers”, continues Christophe LEGER.
It should be noted that the VERGNET BURKINA water supply services received two Water and Sanitation Awards (categories “research and innovation” and “water resources recovery”) at the 3rd National Forum for Water and Sanitation (Partenariat National de l’eau du Burkina Faso, PNE-BF), on 2 February 2018 in Ouagadougou, and the 1st Innovators Market Award at the National Conference on the Efficient Management of Drinking Water Services in Rural and Semi Urban Areas, on 19 October 2017 in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).
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Drinking water, environnement, Management, Mozambique, Quality, Water Supply Service, Water supply systems
An innovative drinking water service for 7,200 rural people
The Belgian Cooperation Agency ENABEL (formerly named Coopération Technique Belge, CTB) has accorded the construction of a solar-powered drinking water supply for 6 villages (7,200 inhabitants) in the Gaza Province in Mozambique to the joint-venture of VERGNET HYDRO (subsidiary of ODIAL SOLUTIONS group, Orléans, France) and AFRIDEV MATI MOZAMBIQUE LDA (Maputo, Mozambique). The 6 sites should be operational by July 2018. “And, we are very happy to rely on the skills of the young and innovative SME MASCARA RENEWABLE WATER (Chartres, France) in order to achieve a fundamental dimension of this project: water desalination”, says enthusiastically Thierry BARBOTTE, Managing Director of VERGNET HYDRO.
While these villages are located at more than 200 km of the coastline, the ground water is brackish and doesn’t meet the World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water standards. Salt water consumption causes dehydration and kidney diseases. The brine damages the pump equipment and the pipes, corrodes them, leads to the spread of metal particles, which can cause cancer, cardiovascular diseases, etc.
A solar-powered desalination process that doesn’t need any battery
The MASCARA solar-powered desalination process is all the more innovative, cost-efficient and ecological as it doesn’t need any battery for the power storage. The energy produced by the 6 solar fields directly powers its 6 desalination units based on the reverse osmosis technology: the OSMOSUN®. “It is our first project in Africa and our first project dealing with brackish water, and not sea water. This project is marking a turning point in the history of our young company”, claims Marc VERGNET, MASCARA Chairman.
The 6 solar fields (from 80m2 to 160m2) are going to power 6 OSMOSUN® and 6 electric water pumps appropriate for these salt waters. They are going to pipe the drinking water to the 6 water towers, which will provide the gravity-fed small piped water systems. The residual water will be rejected in infiltration basins. “For 100 liters of pumped brackish water, 80 liters of drinking water will be supplied to the villagers”, specifies Romain DUBREUIL, Business Development Manager of VERGNET HYDRO.
The total power of these 320 photovoltaic panels will be about 88 kWc. Each site will contain a container in which there will be one OSMOSUN®, one remote management system (using GSM and internet) and one electrical cabinet for the pump and the desalination unit. “These premises will host the monitoring equipment the unit, knowing that keeping up an OSMOSUN® only requires to change its filter every now and then and to replace its membrane every 10 years”, adds Thomas CANDELORO, Project Manager of VERGNET HYDRO.
A drinking water service managed by a private company
VERGNET HYDRO leads the project and provides the equipment, MASCARA will set up the desalination units and AFRIDEV MATI MOZAMBIQUE LDA carries out the local construction works, and is in charge of local management. Indeed, the Mozambican SME is going to manage a communitarian water service (equipment maintenance and water sales) for these 6 piped networks and 15 other small piped water systems in this Province. “Supervising and guaranteeing an ongoing water service in which everyone pays for one’s own consumption is a wonderful challenge for our company. Besides, we are going to double our staff from 15 to 30 employees in 2018”, explains Dario AMADE, Managing Director of AFRIDEV MATI MOZAMBIQUE LDA.
Today, these Mozambican villagers often walk kilometers in order to reach a manual pump. “These small piped water systems will provide them with clean water, near their homes and through taps”, concludes Laurent DELUCCHI, Senior Engineer and leader of this project for ENABEL. “It is also worth noting that this project is the first experience of a 100% solar-powered water desalination, that is to say without any battery, in Mozambique.”
ODIAL SOLUTIONS commits to the UNITED NATIONS GLOBAL COMPACT
ODIAL SOLUTIONS is first of all a group of enterprises. Our daily concerns consist of meeting our clients’ desires, keeping our employees and partners committed, strengthening our reputation and reducing management fees. Putting in place a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) strategy enables us to tackle these challenges. CSR will be at the heart of the Group’s strategy for the period 2018 to 2023.
2018 will mark a turning point. While VERGNET HYDRO had subscribed to the UNITED NATIONS GLOBAL COMPACT since 2011, we have decided to involve from now on the entire ODIAL SOLUTIONS group, including all its subsidiaries, in order to promote the 10 GLOBAL COMPACT principles.
A list of CSR actions planned for the period 2018-2023
The “Communication on Progress 2018” report, describes the main actions in promoting the 10 GLOBAL COMPACT principles carried out throughout 2017. The conclusion (pages 21 and 22) includes a list of CSR actions planned for the period 2018-2023.
I wish you a pleasant reading.
Chairman, ODIAL SOLUTIONS
To know more :
Communication on Progress 2018
2018 will be an intense teaching year
For several decades, Official Development Assistance has mainly followed the same approach: lend to the cities and give to the countryside. The laudable objective was to provide “free” funding for essential services, such as water, energy, sanitation, health and education, in the poorest communities.
The assessment of these actions in rural areas is unfortunately very poor because, as is well-known, this infrastructure has never really been efficiently maintained. Countless pieces of equipment have simply been abandoned after a few years. Even worse, this financial waste has been overtaken by a social tragedy behind the statistics, which only take into account the systems and not their effective, sustainable operation, and so do not in any way represent the often tragic reality on the ground.
RURAL AFRICA HAS LONG BEEN MIRED IN A WAIT-AND-SEE ATTITUDE
This already very negative finding is even further aggravated by the behaviour encouraged by aid policies. Considered by many as incapable of funding basic services and therefore treated as a simple cost factor, rural populations are mired in a pernicious fatalistic, wait-and-see attitude. They are suffering even more for this attitude now, as the scarcity of public aid is depriving them of the funding they have become accustomed to.
However, the popularity of mobile telephones has demonstrated the extent to which people, even in rural areas, are willing and able to fund the services they need, provided that they work well. What is true for telephones will also be true for other essential services such as water and energy.
RURAL AFRICA SHOULD BE CONSIDERED A GENUINE ECONOMIC ACTOR
It is therefore high time to consider rural areas as genuine players in the African economy. Over half of the continent’s population still live in rural areas and, rather than deploring their alleged inability to adapt to the rules of the market economy, it is our duty to offer them models suited to their specific geographical and financial context.
The aim is to give these dispersed, cash-strapped rural populations access to basic services, especially water and energy, at a cost that is affordable to them. In this way, their freedom of choice and dignity that has been taken away by poorly conceived aid for far too long will gradually be restored to them.
2017, A MILESTONE IN THE HISTORY OF ACCESS TO DRINKING WATER IN AFRICA
2017 is a milestone in the history of access to drinking water in Sub-Saharan Africa. Our young subsidiary UDUMA, the first private operator offering people in rural areas the possibility to pay for the sustainability of the water supply services through regular contributions by the volume they consume, recently signed its first Public Private Partnership. More than 500,000 Malians will benefit from this service, starting April 2018 and for the next 15 years at least.
Sub-Sahara African governments are increasingly interested the public service delegation proposed by UDUMA. However, the transition from the « one-time procurement of equipement » paradigm to the « public service delegation to a private operator » paradigm will take more than the blink of an eye. This requires working hand in hand with all stakeholders, and explaining and reassuring.
2018 will thus be a year of intense teaching regarding the « UDUMA » management model and its advantages : universal access to drinking water, improvements in public health and jobs creation. I am convinced this challenge will be a success.
I wish you all a happy and prosperous New Year!
Chairman, ODIAL SOLUTIONS
More than 150,000 people from now on have access to drinking water
The Ministry of Economic Infrastructures of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire officially inaugurated the drinking water supply systems, part of the PROGRAMME D’HYDRAULIQUE ET D’ASSAINISSEMENT POUR LE MILLENAIRE (PHAM, HYDRAULIC AND SANITATION PROGRAM FOR THE MILLENIUM). “VERGNET HYDRO has, for more than 30 years, provided a lot of manual pumps in Côte d’Ivoire. But, it is the first time we are implementing such a huge drinking water supply project”, says enthusiastically Etienne DECHERF, Business and Operations Director of VERGNET HYDRO.
Thanks to the PHAM, more than 150,000 people from rural Western Côte d’Ivoire (Cavally, Guemon, Haut Sassandra, Marahoué and Tonkpi) from now on have access to drinking water. The project included the repairs of 13 drinking water supply systems (replacement of water pipes, building of new standpipes, etc.) and 29 new drinking water systems (electrical equipment and connections of boreholes, pipes laying, etc.). “We implemented this project in partnership with our Ivorian subsidiary SAHER and with the company MTK SERVICES. VERGNET HYDRO, the lead partner, provided all the equipment, except for the water towers. MTK SERVICES coordinated the implementation of the works”, says Thomas CANDELORO, Project Manager of VERGNET HYDRO.
People that have been greatly affected by the 2002 civil war
Funded primarily by the EUROPEAN UNION, and with support of the Ivorian government and the KREDITANSTALT FUR WIEDERAUFBAU (KfW), the hydraulic part of the program is being piloted by the OFFICE NATIONAL DE L’EAU POTABLE (ONEP, NATIONAL BOARD FOR DRINKING WATER) in Côte d’Ivoire. “From the advent, this project, spread over a territory as big as Ireland, was a real challenge. It is providing with drinking water people that have been greatly affected by the 2002 civil war. It is an important step for the development of these territories and is therefore a great satisfaction for us”, concludes Mikael DUPUIS, Director of the company SAHER.
Innovations at the heart of a large agroforestry project
The German foundation HANNS SEIDEL, leader of the project NTSIO in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), has lately received in attendance of the European Union Ambassador in DRC the hybrid solar-powered water supply networks provided and set up by VERGNET HYDRO. « We are particularly proud of the trust that the HANNS SEIDEL foundation expressed to us when they gave us the opportunity to be involved in such a challenging project and to roll out not less challenging facilities », confides Thierry BARBOTTE, Managing Director of VERGNET HYDRO.
The 5-year community-based agroforestry project NTSIO, launched in 2013 and funded by the European Commission, aims at sustaining the populations of the Batéké Plateau (150 km from Kinshasa) through agricultural development in a 13,500-acre territory. Its originality is derived from the introduction of the acacia auriculiformis in the food crops rotation. The project benefits 260 households, in 65 farms composed of 4 houses each.
Hybrid solar-powered water supply networks in the Batéké Plateau
The people take advantage of an innovative approach to delivering access to drinking water. Firstly, because the inhabitants draw water from standpipes thanks to e-keys (cashless payment), that they beforehand credited with the water service operators. And, secondly, because « only few people believed that it was possible to introduce a hybrid solar-powered facility in the Batéké Plateau » specifies Romain DUBREUIL, Business Development Manager Africa and Business Manager DRC of VERGNET HYDRO.
VERGNET HYDRO installed hybrid solar-powered systems adapted to the solar radiation levels of DRC which pump the required 100 m3 water per day at a rate of 15 m3 per hour, knowing that the total dynamic heads (TDH) are close to 240 meters. « Our 27,000 and 30,000 peak watt solar fields, composed of 285 photovoltaic panels, deliver a little more than 100,000 kilowatt hours per year. It’s a primary in DRC! », concludes Romain DUBREUIL.
To know more:
Video introducing the project NTSIO
EPB and VERGNET HYDRO: The will to lead together projects of drinking water supply in Central African Republic
Picture caption: Pierre-Alfred LEBARAMO is checking the function of a HPV60-2000 pump.
“L’ETABLISSEMENT PIERLY BUSINESS (EPB) is from now on the representative of the VERGNET HYDRO pumps in Central African Republic”, says Pierre-Alfred LEBARAMO, co-owner (with his wife, Lydie Linda LEBARAMO) of the Central African small business created in September 2016 (Bangui, 1st district). Besides this sales representation of VERGNET HYDRO, EPB proposes services of hydraulic engineering and trains stakeholders of the sector of the rural and semi-rural hydraulic structures.
“First of all, we were looking for a qualified and solid partner for ensuring distribution of replacement parts of the VERGNET HYDRO manual pumps. And, EPB has fully responded to our expectations”, confides Thierry RACON, Business Manager of VERGNET HYDRO. Indeed, Pierre-Alfred LEBARAMO, engineer in the fields of water and sanitation, has worked in the water sector in Central Africa for the past couple of decades.
The desire to develop the activities of the small company EPB
“We also have the will to lead together new projects of drinking water supply in Central African rural areas”, continues Thierry BARBOTTE, MD of VERGNET HYDRO. “Market outlooks which meet our desire to develop the activities of our young company, to expand our staff and to rely on local competences”, concludes Pierre-Alfred LEBARAMO.
Today, one Central African villager out of six is provided with drinking water by VERGNET HYDRO pumps.
Drinking water, environnement, Events, Gestion, Pompes à motricité humaine, Services de l’eau, Uncategorized, Water supply systems
ODIAL SOLUTIONS reveals its strategy and strengthens its African partners network
Picture caption: photograph of the participants in the PARTNERSHIP DAYS 2017.
The ODIAL SOLUTIONS group receives 10 heads of partner companies from 10 subsaharian countries, from the 28th to the 30th of September in its headquarters (Ingré, France). “Although 17 of our African partners have not been able to join us because they did not receive their visas, for incomprehensible reasons, this event, full of brainstorming sessions, information sessions and cultural trips, is the opportunity to strengthen our powerful and active network and to introduce to our partners the strategy of the group, the activities of our new subsidiary UDUMA and our commitment to the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) principles of the UNITED NATIONS GLOBAL COMPACT”, specifies Thierry BARBOTTE, ODIAL SOLUTIONS CEO.
Today, the majority of the countries facing a low rate of access to drinking water are in Sub-Sahara Africa. To be precise, 400 million of rural people do not have any access to safe water in this region. However, the share of the overseas development assistance dedicated to water and sanitation in Africa is decreasing ever since 2013. It was even reduced by half between 2013 and 2015. “It is now 10 times lower than the necessary amount for achieving the Goal 6 (“Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the UNITED NATIONS, adopted by the world leaders in September 2015.”
A new funding model to ensure access to drinking water in Sub-Sahara Africa
“We are therefore obliged to invent a new funding model to ensure access to drinking water in Sub-Sahara Africa. Our new subsidiary UDUMA explores a revolutionary model”. On behalf of the local authorities and communities, UDUMA rehabilitates, operates and manages public manual pumps, which are often the only source of clean drinking water. UDUMA equips the pumps with water meters and data loggers. UDUMA guarantees a continuous water service with a 72-hour max downtime, at an affordable tariff.
“In practice, in a village which choses to delegate its drinking water supply service to UDUMA, each inhabitant has an e-card which enables them to buy, from certified pump operators, quantities of water they need. These cards are credited in dedicated kiosks or online.” An original model which is taking shape. Indeed, the young company UDUMA has launched its first Public Private Partnership, Wednesday the 20th of September 2017 in Bamako. UDUMA vies to provide 560.000 people in rural Mali (1,400 manual pumps, SIKASSO Region) with drinking water for the next 15 years.
Its will to extend its CSR policy
Yet it must be noted that this event is the opportunity for the ODIAL SOLUTIONS group to officially announce its will to extend its CSR policy and to involve all its subsidiaries in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). “VERGNET HYDRO has been a member of the UNITED NATIONS GLOBAL COMPACT for 7 years now. From now on, the ODIAL SOLUTIONS group and all its subsidiaries vie to respect the GLOBAL COMPACT’s 10 principles linked to the respect of human rights, international labor rights, environmental rights and anti-corruption.”
To know more:
The event in pictures
Drinking water, Events, International, Pompes à motricité humaine, Services de l’eau, Uncategorized, Water supply systems
ODIAL SOLUTIONS and VEOLIA launch a comprehensive drinking water and electricity supply offer for people in urban and rural Africa
Picture caption: Thierry BARBOTTE, CEO of the ODIAL SOLUTIONS Group, and Martine VULLIERME, VEOLIA Senior Vice President Africa/Middle East, interviewed at the SIWI SOFA « Supplying urban/rural areas with water and electricity simultaneously » (WORLD WATER WEEK 2017, Stockholm).
« Today, we are launching a comprehensive VEOLIA / ODIAL SOLUTIONS drinking water and electricity offer for urban and rural African populations » announced Thierry BARBOTTE, CEO of the ODIAL SOLUTIONS Group (holding of the companies VERGNET HYDRO and UDUMA), at WORLD WATER WEEK 2017 (27 August to 1 September in Stockholm). « Our joint participation in this event is a very clear call to the major international donors [the World Bank, the African Development Bank, etc.] and the water and energy policy makers to support this novel approach » continued Martine VULLIERME, VEOLIA Senior Vice President Africa / Middle East.
As things stand 60 million people in urban areas and 400 million in rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa do not have access to safe drinking water. And although one person in three in cities has electricity, only one person in six in rural areas does. This imbalance between urban and rural areas in particular results in an unchecked rural exodus, which causes economic, social and health problems. « We want to make donors and governments aware of the principle of equal access to essential services for everyone », said Martine VULLIERME.
To compensate for the urban/rural territorial divide
Prices per litre of water and per kilowatt-hour are naturally higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Unlike an urban project concentrated on one site, a water or electricity supply project covering a rural area is a combination of a number of individual small-scale projects located at a distance from each other. The isolation of rural water and electricity points also makes management and maintenance more costly. They therefore tend to deteriorate more rapidly.
« The new comprehensive VEOLIA / ODIAL SOLUTIONS project is designed to compensate for this territorial divide by promoting water and electricity projects covering both urban and rural areas », explained Thierry BARBOTTE enthusiastically. The combination makes it possible to equalize prices between areas. Although the model requires a small financial effort to be made by the urban areas, it makes the cost of a litre of water and a kilowatt-hour far more accessible for people in rural areas.
VEOLIA and ODIAL SOLUTIONS’ joint program marks the total commitment of the two groups to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the leaders of all the United Nations member states in September 2015. More specifically, it meets the clean water and sanitation goal (SDG 6), the affordable and clean energy goal (SDG 7) and the partnerships for the goals (SDG 17).
In 2016 VEOLIA and ODIAL SOLUTIONS completed a joint project in Niger for 128 small-scale drinking water networks equipped with solar pumps.
VERGNET HYDRO and AFRIDEV MATI: First project of solar-powered water supply networks in Mozambique
“VERGNET HYDRO has just concluded its first project in Mozambique to provide solar-powered water supply networks in rural areas”, says Thierry BARBOTTE, CEO of VERGNET HYDRO. 10,000 rural people now have continuous access to clean and safe water thanks to this advanced technology. “I feel very pleased to be more and more active in this country and to reinforce our promising partnership with the local company AFRIDEV MATI [Maputo, Mozambique].”
Joël MENAGER, R&D technician at VERGNET HYDRO, helped to complete this project by providing an extensive quality control of the equipment which took nearly two weeks, ending June 9th. This procedure was required because AFRIDEV MATI didn’t have the technical experience of that kind of projects with VERGNET HYDRO yet. It was even more required that the project includes, among the nine tanks, the first VERGNET HYDRO On Fill Water Tank (OFWT) set up in Mozambique (seven-meter high and 32,000-liter tank).
All in all, nine drinking water supply networks have been set up in this project, in less than a year. The nine villages taking advantage of these water networks are located in the Gaza province; they are Buiela, Chidulo, Chissapa, Chizumbane, Mapai Ngala, Mapanhe, Muzamane, Pfukwe and Tchale. This 640,000-euro project was completely funded by the Belgian Cooperation.
“We have chosen to maintain a close partnership in this project”, states Romain DUBREUIL, the Prospection Manager of VERGNET HYDRO. VERGNET HYDRO and AFRIDEV MATI have recently signed a contract which maintains the close cooperation between them. VERGNET HYDRO has the responsibility to manage the project, performs the initial technical studies and supplies the equipment. AFRIDEV MATI is then responsible for the construction of the infrastructure at the various locations.
The partnership between VERGNET HYDRO and AFRIDEV MATI is based on a win-win relationship
The main water lines used in this project were manufactured in Mozambique. “We try to involve local SMEs in our businesses as much as possible”, Thierry BARBOTTE asserts. VERGNET HYDRO has clearly supported the growth of the young SME AFRIDEV MATI up to now. “Thanks to our partnership with VERGNET HYDRO, we have indeed been able to hire six new employees”, reports Dario AMADE, Managing Director of AFRIDEV MATI.
The partnership between VERGNET HYDRO and AFRIDEV MATI is based on a win-win relationship. “For example, we have just won a new business for five new drinking water supply networks in the province of Gaza [8,300 rural people]. The final work acceptance is scheduled for December 2017 “, Romain DUBREUIL declares.